Roofing Frequently Asked Questions
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Learn More - We believe that an educated consumer makes a satisfied customer. The more you know about the services you need and the companies bidding on those services, the more likely you are to make good decisions that will provide you with the results you're looking for. As part of our commitment to consumer education, we've provided useful information about roofing in this section. If you have any other questions, please give us a call and we'll be happy to answer them.
What steps do I need to take to file a claim with my insurance company for a roof repair?
Step 1) Call Premier to schedule an appointment with one of our roofing specialists to come out and inspect your roof. You may also fill out our inspection request form by clicking here.
Step 2) Once our roofing specialist has verified that you have storm damage they will begin your claim process. (NOTE: Never file a claim before having Premier inspect your roof. After all, you may not have damage; and you don't want a claim on your record if it is not needed)
Step 3) After the claim has been started, an adjuster from your insurance company will come out and verify the storm damage and, if approved, write an estimate and usually the first check on their behalf.
What are some of the most common types of roof damage?
Hail Damage - Hail storms can have quite an impact on the integrity of your roof, which can lead to further problems over time. If you're a homeowner you know what it feels like to hear the term "Hail Storm" from your local weather channel, but if you're roof is prepared for such weather hazards you can put your mind at rest.
Wind Damage - No matter where you live, high or moderately high winds can be a threat to your home. Give your roof a fighting chance with wind rated asphalt shingles.
Algae Streaks - The primary type of algae found on roof-tops has been identified by 3M scientists as Gloeocapsa Magma, often called "blue-green" or "black" algae. These algae produce a dark pigmented sheath to protect themselves from ultra-violet rays. When the black streaks are noticeable, the algae have likely been growing for many months or even years. There are several other types of algae that grow on roofs that are not as prevalent as the common "black" algae seen on most roofs. We install Atlas shingles featuring Scotchgard Protector from 3M which protect against ALL types of algae.
What are some different types of roof styles on a home?
Gable roof - A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each side of the ridge.
Gambrel roof - A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each side of the ridge. The lower plane has a steeper slope than the upper. Contains a gable at each end.
Shed roof - A roof containing only one sloping plane. Has no hips, ridges, valleys or gables.
Mansard roof - A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each of four sides. The lower plane has a much steeper pitch than the upper, often approaching vertical. Contains no gables.
Hip roof - A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each of four sides.
What are some of the components of a roof?
Pipe Boots: Or vent boots come in many styles and are designed to install over the vent pipes that stick out of your roof to create a water tight seal and are the cause of about 80% of all roof leaks. The ones that need to be maintained are the rubber or neoprene ones because over time they will become dry and crack and cause a water entry point and should be checked once a year.
Chimney Base Flashing: A corrosion-resistant sheet metal installed at the base of a chimney to prevent leaks.
Eaves: The lower border of a roof that overhangs the wall.
Fascia: The vertical board at the eaves oftentimes covered with vinyl or aluminum.
Horizontal Siding: Provides style and functionality. Available in various materials, colors, textures and designs.
Housewrap: Material designed to allow moisture to escape and to prevent air from coming in.
Lookout: A horizontally positioned board used to brace the trusses of a roof .
Rake: The outer edge of a roof from the eave to the ridge.
Ridge Beam: The top support beam between opposite slopes or sides of a roof.
Ridge Shingles: Shingles used to cover the horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
Drip Edge: A narrow strip of non-corrosive, non-staining, finishing material installed along the eaves and rakes to allow water run-off to drip clear of underlying construction. On eaves where gutters are present, this material is commonly called gutter apron.
Roof Sheathing (boards): The structural base of a roof. Also called the roof deck, or decking.
Roof Sheathing (plywood): The structural base of a roof. Also called the roof deck, or decking.
Roof Truss (rafters): The framework that supports a roof.
Shingle Siding: A siding option typically manufactured from red cedar, which weathers to a silvery gray or medium brown, depending on local climate; and white cedar, which weathers to a silvery gray.
Shingles: The outermost covering of a roof. Composition shingles are manufactured from materials "composed" of fiberglass, modified asphalt and mineral granules. Wood shingles and shakes (shakes are split rather than sawn) are made from western red cedar. Other roofing options include clay and concrete tiles, slate, metal, mineral roll roofing, and tar and gravel.
Soffit: The finished underside of the eaves. Soffit panels are available in wood, vinyl and aluminum.
Step Flashing: A corrosion-resistant sheet metal used to waterproof the angle between a chimney, skylight, dormer, etc. and a sloping roof.
Underlayment: An asphalt-impregnated felt laid under most roofing materials as a secondary water barrier. Felt is classified by weight per "square," (100 sq. ft.) usually 15 or 30-pound. Underlayment is also called tar paper or felt.
Valley: The intersection of two sloping roofs joining at an angle to provide water runoff.
Valley Flashing: Made from aluminum or galvanized steel, this additional water barrier is installed after the roof and valley have been covered with underlayment.
Vent Flashing: A flat piece of pre-cut sheet metal installed on top of the underlayment to prevent leaks from occurring where roof vents are present.
Vertical Panel Siding: Plain, patterned, or grooved panels of plywood or hardboard that provide style and functionality.
Wall Sheathing: The first covering of boards on the outside wall of a frame house.
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